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Depression is a disorder of mental health characterized by feelings of worry, sadness, hopelessness, and numerous other physical and psychological symptoms. Depression in America, Europe, and the UK is on the rise for the last couple of decades. Depression statistics in 2022 are the worse since the inception of time. Depression can afflict individuals of various genders, ages, and socioeconomic classes. Although depression and anxiety statistics vary slightly depending on the source, here are a few global depression statistics from trusted statistical sources to begin with:

  • Approximately 280 million individuals worldwide suffer from depression.
  • It is believed that approximately 5% of adults worldwide suffer from depression.
  • Nineteen percent of individuals reported having been diagnosed with depression, including postpartum depression, at some point in their lives. This is the most prevalent diagnosis documented.
  • More women than men suffer from depression.
  • Depression can lead to self-harm and suicidal ideation.
  • There are effective treatments for mild, moderate, and severe depression.
  • Depression is the most significant global cause of disability and a substantial contributor to the worldwide disease load.

Depression has significant and varied effects, despite the seeming simplicity of its definition. Here are some interesting facts regarding depression that may not be widely known.

  • Depression has numerous causes. A person’s risk of depression increases if they have recently experienced a stressful life event, if they had been depressed in the past, or if a close relative has been depressed. Occasionally, depression develops for no apparent reason.
  • Genetics offers some of the answers, but not all. The genetic tendency to depression is becoming increasingly recognized, which may explain why some individuals get depression while others do not. A familial history of depression is significant, but it is not the only cause. As per a study published in 2018 in the journal Frontiers in Psychiatry, the heritability rate (the proportion of a trait that may be attributed to genes) of depression is only approximately 37%.
  • Depression has physical effects. As per the NIMH, gastrointestinal issues, headaches, pains, and general aches without a specific physical reason are all indicators of depression.
  • Depression may be a “gut instinct.” A study that was published in August 2020 in the journal Cureus discovered a substantial relationship between mental health and gut health, indicating that depression is highly linked to gut imbalance. Although additional research is required, a diet rich in prebiotics and probiotics may be beneficial in depression management.
  • Brains affected by depression may vary in structure. A study published in December 2019 in the journal Translational Psychiatry assessed research investigating the use of MRI scans to treat and diagnose the major depressive disorder, and found that imaging tests like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans can detect changes in the brains of some individuals with major depressive disorder. (However, the article also mentions that major depression is a biochemically complex disorder that results in different brain changes in some individuals and that MRI scans alone aren’t useful in the identification of major depressive disorder; consequently, the researchers emphasize the significance of modern imaging techniques and methods of analyzing that data to help diagnose depression.)
  • Depression is associated with various health issues. People suffering from depression are also at increased risk for autoimmune or chronic inflammatory diseases, like diabetes, arthritis, heart disease, and irritable bowel syndrome. As per a study released in July 2019 in the journal Frontiers in Immunology, it is uncertain if depression induces inflammation or vice versa.
  • Depressed individuals may not appear depressed. Depression is a veiled disease. Some people may appear cheerful, yet they struggle with depressive symptoms on the inside.
  • Exercise can help control depression. Exercise increases mood state. Physical activity stimulates natural substances in the body that might improve mood. Most days, try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise. Typically, we advise depressed individuals to exercise, adopt a nutritious diet, and adhere to a normal sleep schedule. A study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry in October 2017 indicated that just one hour of regular exercise per week was linked with a 12% reduction in the risk of depression.
  • It is usual to require the use of many antidepressants. Many depressed individuals do not find relief from the first antidepressant they take. This is predicted since, for unexplained reasons, some people respond favorably to different drugs, and some do not respond favorably to any of the currently available medications. Individuals may need to take multiple antidepressants before finding one that works effectively.
  • Oftentimes, therapy is also needed. Therapy and lifestyle adjustments are regarded as first-line treatments for mild to moderate depression; however, a combination of medication and therapy is frequently effective for moderate to severe depression. Sometimes antidepressants are used first to reduce depression sufficiently for treatment to be beneficial. Effective treatment for depression also requires cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, or other therapeutic methods like Transcranial magnetic stimulation.
  • Depression is frequently accompanied by anxiety. Many individuals with one mental health condition, like depression, may also suffer from another, like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or anxiety. Anxiety can be as devastating as depression, but folks may not realize they have anxiety because they have lived with it for so long. Women are particularly susceptible to developing anxiety problems.
  • Depression has a major impact on the global population. The World Health Organization reported in February 2017 that depression is the largest cause of disability worldwide, affecting over 300 million people worldwide. Between 2005 and 2015, the number of individuals battling depression increased by 18%, with the majority being young people, older people, and women.

Although the depression rate by the state might vary, the following are some of the stats and percent calculations of the rate of depression in the US as a whole:

  • An estimated 21 million American adults experienced at least one major depressive episode. This constituted 8.4 percent of all American adults.
  • 63.8 percent of adults and 70.77 percent of adolescents with major depressive episodes were severely impaired. (NIMH)
  • The incidence of major depressive episodes was significantly greater among adult females (10.5 percent) than among adult males (6.2 percent).
  • Depression is about twice as prevalent among women as it is among men. (Centers for Disease Control)
  • The prevalence of major depressive episodes was highest among adults (11.3 percent) and adolescents (16.9 percent) who reported two or more races. (NIMH)
  • The peak incidence of adults having a major depressive episode was among those aged 18 to 25.
  • The incidence of major depressive episodes was highest (15.9 percent) among individuals who reported having two or more races.
  • In 2020, a projected 66 percent of U.S. people aged 18 or older suffering from a major depressive episode will have received therapy during the previous year.
  • Seventy-one percent of patients diagnosed with a major depressive episode with significant impairment got treatment within the last year.
  • In the United States, a projected 4.1 million adolescents aged 12 to 17 experienced at least one major depressive episode. This constituted 17 percent of the American population aged 12 to 17 at the time.
  • The occurrence of major depressive episodes was greater among female adolescents (25.2 percent) than among male adolescents (9.2 percent).
  • The prevalence of major depressive disorder was highest (29.9 percent) among teenagers who reported more than two races.
  • Between July 27 and August 8, 2022, approximately 22% of U.S. adults exhibited depression disorder symptoms. In the past 2 weeks, around 23% of female participants in the United States experienced signs of depression illness, compared to 21% of male respondents. These depression statistics for the year 2022 reveal the proportion of U.S. respondents older than 18 years old.

In 2019, 7.2 percent of EU people reported suffering from chronic depression, which is a little increase from 2014 (+0.3 percentage points).

In 2019, Portugal (12.2 percent) had the greatest prevalence of chronic depression among EU nations, followed by Sweden (11.7 percent), Germany, and Croatia (11.6 percent).

In contrast, the lowest rates of chronic depression were recorded in Romania (1.0 percent), Bulgaria (2.7 percent), and Malta (3.5 percent).

In the spring of 2020, it was predicted that 53% of European individuals between the ages of 18 and 34 were at risk of developing depression; by the spring of 2021, this percentage had risen to 64%. Comparing spring 2021 to spring 2020, there was a considerable increase in the proportion of people at risk for depression across all age categories. Unfortunately, depression statistics in 2023 are expected to rise even further.

Depression is estimated to affect 4.5 percent of adults in the UK.

Seventy percent of all cases involve mild depression. The prevalence of moderate depression is 20 percent, whereas severe depression accounts for 10 percent.

Between 2005 and 2015, the number of individuals living with depression rose by 18.4 percent.

Twenty-four percent of women, including postnatal depression, report having experienced depression at some point in their lives, compared to 13 percent of males.

Depression affects 2.1 percent of adolescents aged 5 to 19

In 2017, 0.3 percent of 5-10-year-olds, 2.7 percent of 11-16 year-olds, and 4.8 percent of 17-19 year-olds fulfilled clinical criteria for depression.

Approximately 90 percent of children and adolescents recover from depression within one year.

Seven percent of people over 60 suffer from depression.

Depression is accountable for 109 million lost days of work per year in England, costing the economy £9 billion.

Employers recoup $5 for every £1 invested in psychosocial and mental health interventions through sickness absence, presenteeism, and workforce turnover.

The incidence of major depressive episodes was highest among adolescents aged 12 to 17 (14.4 percent), followed by young adults aged 18 to 25 (13.8 percent). (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association)

The lowest prevalence of major depressive episodes (4.5 percent was found in individuals aged 50 and over. (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association)

In 2018, 11.5 million adults experienced a major depressive episode with severe disability. (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association)

From 2013 to 2018, the prevalence of severe depression in college students climbed from 9.4 to 21.1 percent. (Journal of Adolescent Health)

From 2007 to 2018, the rate of moderate to severe depression increased from 23.2 to 41.1 percent. (Journal of Adolescent Health)

Postpartum depression is depression experienced by a mother who has just given birth, often occurring three to twelve months following delivery. This could be related to hormone changes, lifestyle changes, or parenting tiredness.

Seventy to eighty percent of women will suffer the “baby blues” after childbirth, marked by negative sensations or mood changes.  (American Pregnancy Association)

Ten to twenty percent of young moms suffer from postpartum clinical depression. (Arizona Behavioral Health Associates, P.C, Flagstaff Psychologists & Counselors)

One in seven women may develop PPD within the first year after childbirth. (JAMA Psychiatry)

 The prevalence of paternal depression ranged between 24 percent and 50 percent among males whose women had postpartum depression. (Journal of Advanced Nursing)

Thirty to thirty-five percent more likely to suffer postpartum depression are women with a history of anxiety disorders, depression, or significant mood disorders. (Johns Hopkins Medicine)

Although November and December are commonly thought of as the “holiday season,” this is not the case for everyone. Certain individuals acquire depressed symptoms throughout these months.

Thirty-eight percent of individuals report an increase in stress over the holiday season. (American Psychological Association)

Sixty-four percent of patients with mental illness indicate that the holidays worsen their symptoms. (National Alliance on Mental Illness)

More than two-thirds of individuals who reported feeling unhappy or discontent during the holidays also felt economically stressed and/or lonely. (National Alliance on Mental Illness)

Two-thirds of suicidal individuals battle with depression. American Association for Suicide Research

One percent of women and seven percent of men diagnosed with depression commit suicide. (American Association of Suicidology)

Suicide risk is approximately 20 times greater for persons with serious depression compared to those who don’t have major depression. (American Association of Suicidology)

Suicide is one of the top causes of death among adolescents aged 15 to 19. (Centers for Disease Control)

From 2013 to 2018, reports of college student suicide attempts climbed from 0.7 percent to 1.8 percent. (Journal of Adolescent Health)

According to studies, between 40 to 60% of persons with moderate or severe depression who take antidepressants experience symptom improvement after 6 to 8 weeks. In contrast, between 20% and 40% of those who take a placebo experience comparable gains.

Approximately 30 to 40% of the time, evidence-based treatments for depression, like CBT, result in the remission of symptoms.

Studies indicate that approximately 23 percent of antidepressant users experience a return of depressive symptoms after a year or two. In comparison, about half of placebo recipients relapse during the same time range.

Cancer: 25 percent of cancer patients develop depression. (NIMH)

Strokes: Ten to twenty-seven percent of post-stroke individuals experience depression. (NIMH)

Heart Attacks: One in three heart attack survivors suffers from depression. Individuals with coronary artery disease are 59% more likely to experience an adverse cardiac event, including a cardiac death or a heart attack, in the future, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. (National Health Institute)

HIV: Depression is the 2nd most prevalent mental health disorder among HIV-positive persons. (Current HIV/AIDS Reports)

Parkinson’s Disease: 50 percent of people with Parkinson’s disease may experience depression. (NIMH)

Eating Disorders: 33-50 percent of anorexia patients also have a co-occurring mood condition, such as depression. A comprehensive clinical database reveals that men and women with eating disorders have psychiatric comorbidity.

Substance Use: More than 20 percent of adults in the US with a mood disorder, depression, or anxiety problem also have a substance use disorder or alcohol abuse (both alcohol and other drugs). (National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions)

Diabetes: one-third of diabetics develop depression. (Diabetes and depression)

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Nearly 20 percent of women with polycystic ovary syndrome suffer from depression.

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