Are any of your loved ones suffering from the wet brain? Are you confused what is wet brain, its causes and how wet brain syndrome can be treated? What is its cure? What therapies can be provided in the case of Wernicke korsakoff syndrome?

Well, it is a neurologic disease. It may be caused by alcohol overuse, addictions, thiamine or vitamin B1 deficiency, malnutrition, AIDS, or any other disease. We can prevent it at acute stages and treat it in the final stages of wet brain / chronic condition.

Here, we will solve all your queries regarding wet brain syndrome. We will provide you all the necessary information regarding wet brain, the causes, sign and symptoms as well as the treatment strategies. 

Let’s get into the details!

The wet brain also called Wernicke korsakoff syndrome or alcoholic brain damage is a severe brain disorder. It is caused by thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency along with alcohol addiction. 

The wet brain disorder affects the lower part of the brain known as the thalamus and hypothalamus, if not treated may result in permanent brain damage and loss of memory. 

Wernicke korsakoff syndrome affects 1-2 percent of the United States population. 

Note: Wet brain syndrome affects more males than females. 

The main cause of alcoholic brain disease is thiamine deficiency along with alcohol abuse. The thiamine utilizes glucose for producing energy to be used by the brain. Individuals who are addicted to alcohol and drink regularly are more likely to suffer from wet brain. The alcohol in the body decreases the absorption of thiamine, and other essential nutrients leading to wet brain. 

If this essential nutrient thiamine is deficient, it affects the hypothalamus and thalamus of the brain. Both these parts of the brain are essential for the metabolic functions of the body.

Hypothalamus is the temperature regulator, controls apatite, emotions, and growth. While the thalamus is responsible for regulating sleep, alertness, visual, auditory and somatosensory functions of the body. All these functions are affected by wet brain syndrome. 

According to the National Organization of Rare Diseases, Wernicke korsakoff syndrome can also occur in individual with malnutrition, eating disorders example anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, AIDS, cancer, gastropathy, vomiting and kidney disorders. Note:some studies also indicate a genetic predisposition for alcoholic encephalopathy.

The alcohol-related brain disease symptoms appear in multiple stages from initial disease progression to chronic. Some patients suffer from Wernicke encephalopathy and Korsakoff’s syndrome simultaneously while others may develop Wernicke encephalopathy before Korsakoff’s psychosis. 

The first symptoms of alcoholic brain damage include:

  • Rapid weight loss
  • Confusion
  • Gastrointestinal upset
  • Fatigue, weakness, and irritability
  • Decrease in mental acuity
  • Ataxia or loss of coordination
  • Loss of apatite
  • Anemia
  • shakiness
  • Abnormal or involuntary eye movements
  • Poor reflexes

These early symptoms appear as drunkenness and are similar to alcohol withdrawal symptoms.

The final stages of the wet brain include the following symptoms:

  • Insomnia
  • Severe loss of memory
  • Drooping of eyelid
  • Hallucinations( visual and auditory)
  • Personality changes
  • Anger
  • Polyneuropathy
  • Tachycardia
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • syncope

Some other important symptoms of Wernicke encephalopathy include:

  • Short Term Memory Loss

In wet brain syndrome, the patient is unable to form memories of the recent events and cannot recall them.

  • Confabulation

A person makes up fictitious stories in his mind and fits them in a gap in his memory. The patient is unaware that they are making up fake stories and believe them as real.

  • Behavior Modification

You may notice many changes in patients with wet brain syndrome. These patients are the least concerned about the things and people in their surroundings. They can even unnoticed essential events.

  • Repetition 

During conversations, the patient may show increase talkativeness and repetition of words and sentences. You may also notice those repetitively performing the same tasks. 

  • Polyneuropathy

It is the malfunctioning of peripheral nerves due to malnutrition, deficiencies of vitamins, infections, drugs, or disorders. The patient may feel tingling, numbness, pins, and needle sensation n the body.

  • Postural hypotension

It is a condition of low blood pressure while standing because the heart cannot circulate blood properly.

Wet brain syndrome occurs in two stages. The acute stage of the disease is reversible but the final stage symptoms cannot be fully reversed. 

Stage 1: Wernicke encephalopathy

The first part of Wet brain disorder is called Wernicke’s encephalopathy. It is an acute, severe neurological disorder caused due to thiamine deficiency. The classic triad of symptoms includes altered mental status, ataxia, and ocular abnormalities. 

About 17 to 20 percent of patients with Wernicke encephalopathy face death due to the severity and morbidity of the condition. 

Note: 80 to 85percent of Wernicke encephalopathy patients are diagnosed with korsakoff psychosis

Stage 2: Korsakoff Psychosis

Korsakoff psychosis is the final and chronic stage of wet brain disorder. It is generally caused due to long-term drinking of alcohol.  The main characteristics of korsakoff psychosis include amnesia (retrograde and anterograde), hallucinations, and behavioral changes. 

In this stage of disease, the part of the brain that controls memory is affected. Patients are unaware of their memory loss and form false stories. 

Note: This stage of the disease may improve with time but is not completely reversible. 

According to the research, the prevalence of wet brain syndrome is increasing due to increase per capita alcohol consumption and reduced vitamin intake. Therefore it is extremely necessary to draw attention towards the treatment of the wet brain

As stated by the National disorders of rare disease, almost 2% of the US population suffers from the wet brain. And due to undiagnosed or untreated conditions, 20% of the patients face death.

The wet brain or alcohol-related brain damage may be treated and prevented with some traditional as well as emerging therapies. The treatment should start as soon as possible.

The wet brain treatment includes three major approaches: 

  • Detoxification therapies
  • Rehabilitation or Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Pharmacotherapy

The detoxification therapy includes alcohol withdrawal and rehabilitation. Your loved one suffering from a wet brain needs a medically assisted alcohol detoxification program. 

Alcohol and drugs change neurotransmitter pathways in the brain, causing addiction. The detoxification program help adjust the body to live with the lack of drugs and alcohol abuse.  You will face withdrawal symptoms but these are temporary. 

Alcohol withdrawal symptoms may include:

  • Confusion
  • Vomiting
  • Depression
  • Sweating
  • Gastrointestinal cramps
  • Anxiety 
  • Irritability
  • Shaking
  • Tremors
  • hyperactivity

Quitting alcohol will eliminate further nerve dysfunction and reduce brain damage. 

A person with an addiction to alcohol is physically dependent on it.  Alcohol withdrawal symptoms may be severe, therefore should not be done at home. It requires medical supervision to safely withdraw alcohol and adopt a sober and healthy lifestyle.

Addiction treatment and eliminating drinking habits under a detoxification program will prevent these symptoms, relapse, and recur of the addiction.  

The detox therapy further includes three steps:

Step 1: Orientation and Comprehensive Assessment:

The orientation session is to access your physical and mental health. The therapist will decide and plan your treatment. Further doctors will determine the severity of addiction that alcohol has caused.

Step 2: Physical Detoxification And Monitoring Withdrawal Symptoms

After the detailed assessment, a therapist at the detoxification center will start the therapy. For people with severe symptoms, the physician may prescribe a medicine to counteract the effects. These medications such as Lexapro will satisfy your brain without causing side effects. 

The therapist may not allow the patient to communicate with the family. But this is a protocol just to focus on the treatment and prevent relapse. After the initial phase of treatment, these restrictions will end. 

Step 3: Group Participation

To keep your loved ones motivated at the center, there are opportunities to take part in group activities. In this way, their mind and body became occupied, free from past thoughts and habits. 

As the patient will start enjoying the program, treatment could be done at a fast pace. 

There are multiple behavioral therapies included in a rehabilitation program for alcoholic encephalopathy. These therapies are performed individually or in groups. 

The rehabilitation therapy for wet brain syndrome includes:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Motivational therapy
  • Family Counseling
  • Individual counseling

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is essential to modify a patient’s behavior to treat addiction. No doubt, in detoxification program patient physically adopts to live without alcohol. But craving may persist.

Now what? Is detox treatment of no use? What would be the next step? 

Detoxification is only the primary step and even the most important one for alcoholic brain damage. However, there is more to do. At the therapy, you and your loved one will not be left alone. We believe in proper and complete treatment. 

Read Also : Dual Diagnosis Luxury Rehab Center

The smell sounds and other factors can attract the patient towards addictions. CBT modify person attitudes and help them to learn living without abusive substances like alcohol.  It is a crucial and essential step to cope with the triggers toward addictive drugs. 

Cognitive-behavioral therapy identifies the patient’s reason for using drugs or drinking alcohol such as trauma, stress, mental illness. Most people start drinking alcohol when they were under stress and develop an addiction. This then leads to wet brain syndrome.  

Therapists help patients develop skills that they practice during the sessions and reshape their thoughts into positive ones. This motivates them to move forward without alcohol abuse even after the rehabilitation sessions. 

During the cognitive behavioral therapy, the therapist improves the patient’s self-control over craving via following strategies

  • Guiding the negative effects of alcohol abuse
  • Exploring all the diseases and symptoms of addictions
  • Explaining the symptoms of wet brain syndrome
  • Self-monitoring to recognize the craving 
  • Developing strategies to cope with stress, mental illness, and craving 

Motivational Therapy

Motivational enhancement is a short-term therapy to motivate individuals to stop drinking alcohol and move them forward towards positive changes.

 In this therapy, your loved one suffering from a wet brain due to alcohol use will know the effects, pros, and cons of the treatment.

The therapist will guide them on how to refrain from alcohol drinking and shifting towards a mineral-rich and nutritious diet. 

The complete treatment procedure is long-term; therefore the patient’s motivation is very important. Without this, the treatment will be slow and steady. 

Family Counseling

This phase involves the close relatives in the therapy. This improves their family relationships and bonding which were affected due to drinking habits. You may have also noticed the changes in behavior and attitudes of wet brain patients. This therapy will assist in improving all family issues. 

Along with this, family members know about the exact symptoms, personality, attitude changes, and behavior of the patient. They can transfer this information to the care provider and assist them in achieving treatment goals. 

Your loved ones are equally important as therapists and doctors. 

Individual Counseling 

This session aims to provide steps and progress of treatment to the patient. The therapist gives individual feedbacks and helps set future goals. 

The main aim of personalized counseling is to solve all the worries of the patient, keeping them satisfied and motivated for regular treatment sessions. 

We consider the therapies to be more beneficial than medications. However, in some situations, pharmacotherapy is a crucial part of treatment. 

Wet brain syndrome or Wernicke korsakoff syndrome is caused by thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency, therefore; high dose thiamine supplementation can prevent or treat the wet brain

Thiamine regulates multiple enzymatic and metabolic pathways in the body including glucose metabolism in the brain.  Due to the lack of thiamine, systems involve in the prevention of cellular damage impairs. 

Thiamine dosage alleviates some of the symptoms of the wet brain within few days. It reverts confusion, delirium, depression, enhances vision and eye function, and improves coordination, in patients with wet brain syndrome 

You can take thiamine orally, intravenously, or via intramuscular injection. 

As per the research, in acute treatment and the case of alcoholics, thiamine absorption through the intestine is impaired due to decreased thiamine transporter-1. Thus oral supplements will not suffice and thiamine is given parenteral. 

Note: Thiamine does not treat loss of memory and intellect that occur in chronic stages of Wernicke korsakoff syndrome. This can only be treated by stopping alcohol that is detox therapy. 

Alongside thiamine, some other vitamins and minerals are also used to treat patients with Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome. 

This includes:

  • Magnesium
  • Potassium
  • Phosphate
  • Folate or vitamin B9
  • Vitamin B6 
  • Vitamin B12

Additionally, during the detoxification therapy, some medications are prescribed to help safe and comfortable alcohol withdrawal. These medicines include:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Antipsychotics

Let’s learn a little bit about these medications

  • Benzodiazepines

Some of the benzodiazepines are diazepam, chlordiazepoxide, oxazepam, or lorazepam. These are the types of sedative medications. Benzodiazepines are used in the early phase of alcohol withdrawal to minimize symptoms of anxiety and insomnia. In this way, it can help you treat wet brain syndrome

  • Anticonvulsants

Its examples include carbamazepine, gabapentin and topiramate. It is a promising drug in treating alcohol addiction, help reducing drinking habits and minimize withdrawal effects. 

  • Antipsychotics

It is also called neuroleptics and an example is a haloperidol. It reduces withdrawal symptoms such as hallucinations, delirium, delusion, and anxiety. 

Some of the side effects of the above drugs are:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Slurred speech
  • Light headiness
  • Muscle weakness
  • Akathisia
  • Restlessness
  • Constipation
  • Weight gain
  • Tardive dyskinesia
  • Sexual problems
  • Increase risk of diabetes

Some other drugs are prescribed in inpatient or outpatient care. They are:

  • Naltrexone
  • Disulfiram
  • Acamprosate
  • Naltrexone

This medication reduces patients’ craving for alcohol. It minimizes the feeling of excitement of drinking thus reducing the urge to drink alcohol.

  • Disulfiram

It blocks the alcohol metabolism pathway in the body. When a person starts to drink, he feels nausea and vomiting that deject them to drink. 

  • Acamprosate

It is also the drug to reduce the craving and urge of drinking.

Note: Don’t ever believe that these drugs can alone treat wet brain syndrome. These drugs help alcohol withdrawal and reduce the withdrawal effects. The drugs can only minimize your symptom but cannot treat alcoholic brain damage.

The wet brain mainly occurs due to thiamine deficiency caused by excessive alcohol use. For reducing alcohol use and minimize alcohol withdrawal some other treatment options that your doctor may recommend is:

Acupuncture

Acupuncture is not a direct treatment of wet brain syndrome. So why are we mentioning this? 

Because research proves that acupuncture is an alternative treatment for alcohol users. It is the procedure of inserting thin needles into specific body points as guided by Chinese medicines. 

It may effectively minimize alcohol drinking, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, and the diseases caused by alcohol addiction. These diseases include Wernicke korsakoff syndrome. 

Acupuncture reduces both physical and psychological alcohol withdrawal signs such as tremors, hyperactivity, agitation, and others.

Physical Therapy

In chronic cases of alcoholic brain damage, the patient may develop loss of memory along with problems with movement and coordination. It causes weakness of arms and legs, leading to difficulty walking. 

In this case, you may need physical therapy. They will teach you specific exercises to help you move without difficulty. Physical therapy includes:

  • Exercises 
  • Massages, cold and heat therapy.
  • Improving muscle movement and coordination

Both the therapies are crucial in treatment but what is the difference? 

The answer is that psychotherapy that includes detoxification therapy, rehabilitation, cognitive therapy, and motivational therapy is of long-term use. It helps you to alleviate the cause of wet brain – alcohol drinking. 

Pharmacotherapy, on the other hand, helps alleviate alcohol withdrawal symptoms temporarily.  Medications do not help change attitudes and patients may face relapse. 

In addition, the therapists motivate you to leave drinking habits and develop positive skills that medicines could not do. Medications if used for a long time may cause addiction and you become dependent on them. 

As an example, if your doctor prescribes you benzodiazepine for alleviating alcohol withdrawal symptoms you may fall prey to benzodiazepine. 

The therapies do not have any side effects while the medicines have numerous side effects. The medications used for wet brain cause harmful effects to your brain, gastrointestinal tract, skeletal systems, and all other body parts. 

Note: Although medications have side effects. But at times these are also essential for treating a disorder. Both psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy have their advantages. 

The wet brain inpatient care center is a comfortable and home-like center where you are provided with extensive care to cope with brain damage from alcohol.

Here you will get high-end treatment with a specialized treatment plan for alcoholic brain damage including detox therapy, rehabilitation therapies, and behavioral treatments. 

All the staff and therapists are trained to provide you 24/7 quality service. 

Inpatient sessions are important as the patient stays away from distractions and alcohol cravings. Here the main focus is on treatment. Patients will receive all daycare and monitoring to cope with alcohol withdrawal syndromes.

 Also, the therapist will help you in building skills to live a sober life. We care about your physical, emotional, and social needs.

The main benefits of inpatient treatment for the wet brain include:

  • 24/7 attention from experts
  • Personalized treatment plan devised according to the patient condition and ongoing progress
  • Team of professionals such as doctors, therapists, psychologists, and others
  • Group programs to develop essential skills in an individual that keep them motivated

We understand your worries for your near ones suffering from the wet brain. This is a chronic condition but our luxury, 5-star in-patient treatment center provides quality care to your loved ones. 

We are just a call away to treat your loved one’s mushy brain. 

Wondering what’s the difference between luxury inpatient treatment and traditional inpatient treatment?

Luxury treatment offers individual care to your loved ones. At luxury inpatient treatment you will get 5-star quality care, celebrity treatment with a private villa for every client. You will feel a home-like environment here with all facilities during wet brain treatment. 

Luxury inpatient treatment facilities for the mushy brain include:

  • Privacy
  • Private or semi-private rooms
  • Personal chef
  • Music and fun sessions
  • Personal housekeeping
  • Indoor and outdoor entertainment activities such as pool, garden, and sports facilities
  • Massage and yoga facilities
  • Acupuncture

Note: For treatment of brain damage by alcohol or wet brain, quality treatment is essential. A luxury inpatient treatment provides you high-end quality care. 

When a chronic disease like wet brain syndrome is affecting your life, you must adopt some lifestyle changes to overcome all the obstacles in front of you. 

A few of the lifestyle changes crucial for you at this time are:

  • Balanced Diet 

Patients with alcoholic brain disease require lifestyle changes. They need a balanced diet, minerals, vitamins, and electrolyte supplements. 

Wet brain syndrome leads to the lack of different minerals and vitamins. These should be replenished in the body. Your diet should be full of whole grains, green leafy vegetables, beef, asparagus, potatoes, chicken, legumes, orange juices, tomatoes, egg and milk products, etc. 

  • Exercise

Furthermore, you should involve yourself in physical exercises such as walking, jogging, and cardio workouts to keep yourself physically as well as mentally fit. Performing physical exercises in an open environment gives you fresh air and peace. 

Exercise also releases endorphins after the workout which lowers your anxiety and irritation. It is the best physiotherapy and your muscles and bones will regain strength that you lost in wet brain syndrome and alcohol abuse. 

  • Building Relationships

Relatives such as parents, son, daughter, friends, and others are as important as treatment. Your loved one’s support and care give you mental peace and help to fight against every disorder. 

The time which you wasted due to addiction and disease could not come back but you can invest the after disease time in building even stronger relations. 

  • Avoiding Alcohol Relapse

The most important step to fight against wet brain syndrome is to avoid alcohol. Nothing can be done if you are not motivated to leave the addiction. The detox therapy and rehabilitation care will help you change your behavior but the main part could only be played by you. 

  • Skills Development

You must invest days in developing essential skills to live a sober life. You can learn art, music, crafting or can contribute your services to the community. You can be a great influencer and motivator for other patients with alcoholic encephalopathy. You could be the one, to contribute positivity to others’ life. 

We always encourage our patients to group themselves with our other clients. In this way, you all can achieve the mission by joining hands. 

Now you must have gained enough knowledge about the wet brain, its causes, symptoms, and its treatment. Isn’t it? 

All in all, no doubt, wet brain syndrome is a severe neurological condition, completely reversible at early stages but remember, we can minimize your or your loved ones’ sufferings even at a later stage. 

Contact The Balance Luxury Rehab as soon as possible to get high-end quality care. We will support you during the entire treatment and will provide 5-star quality treatments

The steps of treatment at our center for alcoholic brain disease or wet brain syndrome include detoxification therapy, rehabilitation therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational therapy, family counseling, individual counseling, pharmacotherapy, acupuncture, physical therapy, inpatient treatment, luxury inpatient treatment, and lifestyle modifications. 

The main treatment plan will be designed according to your condition. It is personalized for each client by our specialized and highly qualified team. 

So, you don’t have to worry now. Call us and transfer your worries on our shoulders, we care for you!

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