As per the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, over 5.5% of pregnant women aged 15 to 44 were deemed current illegal drug users on average between 2012 and 2013. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), up to one out of every ten pregnant women uses alcohol. Learn more about detox for pregnant women.
Furthermore, as per a national study conducted in 2012:
- Unlawful substances were taken by 9 percent of pregnant women.
- Alcohol was consumed by 5 percent of the participants.
- Only 9 percent of people smoked cigarettes.
- Over 380,000 infants have been exposed to illegal substances, over 550,000 to alcohol, and over 1 million to cigarettes while still in the womb.
While pregnant, drinking alcohol or taking drugs can affect not only the mother but also the unborn baby because these chemicals pass the placenta to some extent. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), based on the substance consumed, substance abuse might double or even triple the chance of stillbirth. Persistent alcohol or drug abuse in pregnancy can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), various birth defects, early birth, miscarriage, neurological problems, low birth weight, and kids born addicted to opioids (neonatal abstinence syndrome, or NAS).
Medical detox is the safest and most comfortable approach to cease taking addictive substances, and it’s especially important for pregnant women. Detox is the process of removing toxins from the body over a few days to a week in a residential or outpatient program. Medical detox is more complete, including expert monitoring 24 hours a day, and may include medicine to help with withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings. Expectant mothers should be monitored even more closely than the general public, as several prescription drugs might cause difficulties if they are not used with correct medical expertise, attention, and supervision.
Because withdrawal symptoms can be extremely dangerous to the fetus, detoxing during gestation should be closely managed by highly qualified doctors. As a result, if a pregnant woman is physically addicted to a substance, medical supervision throughout detox is the safest option for both the mother and the unborn child.